How to identify the leather is not really
Identify the genuine and fake leather
To learn leather first master how to distinguish between true and false, "leather" in the leather goods industry, the most common words, but also the people the difference between synthetic leather and a habit called the dermis, the dermis of a wide range of different quality, so the price Also disparities.
Leather, depending upon the type of common pigskin, cowhide, sheepskin, horsehide. The cowhide is divided into yellow leather and buffalo leather; the sheepskin into goat and sheep skin. The first layer, the second and three points according to their level. Fur & Leather, depending upon the type of major fox fur leather, goat fur leather angora Qiuge, water Diaoqiu leather, etc., the fox is divided into blue fox, silver fox and red fox; goats into adult goats and adult goats, rabbits The hair is divided into the grass Yellow Rabbit, Rabbit, white Maotu; mink divided into male mink and female mink. Many types of leather and fur, leather sub. Incomplete lists.
Light skinned leather used in a lot of leather products, Glossy the pila force strength, dirt, wear-resistant and has good air permeability. Suede leather not only looks elegant, generous and good but insufficient permeability, it is easy to dirty and poor maintenance, especially in a poor environment, suede shoes easily inhaled dust, fluff will encounter water lodging. Called modified leather, modified leather in skin surface processing finishes from, and it can be pressed on different lines in the leather, some finishing leather material is thick, abrasion resistance and poor ventilation (as the case to explain to consumers)
The company mainly produces pigskin, sheepskin, leather, fur, leather and other leather clothing, leather and fur leather semi-natural semi-processed from a clothing materials, with the continuous improvement of the domestic tanning process, can addition a lot of the same kind of skin The different styles of leather, it has brought to the consumer to identify the type of skin given the difficulty to identify quality garment leather have a good variety.
Here are some commonly identify leather Measures
A feel
Hand touch the leather surface, if smooth (grain processed into coarse skin.), Soft, plump and flexible feel is the dermis.
Second, Grossly
Mainly used to identify skin types and leather grain, good or bad, the observation of the surface of the leather obvious pores and pattern of, synthetic leather imitation pores, but not Bi really is not clear. Further the opposite side of the synthetic leather layer of textile as a bottom plate, the textile backplane is used to increase its tensile strength, while the opposite of the dermis is the layer of textile, such identification is the most simple and practical way.
Third, the odor
Generally do not smell good quality leather, all leather has a leather smell, pungent odor may be dealt with in the tanning process is not good and some sort of excessive use of chemical raw materials.
Fourth, ignite
Lit smell of leather smell lit with hair almost combustion knot pimple with your fingers to shape into the grinding; leatherette ignite issued a pungent odor, and the form of post-combustion pimple

The type and quality of the skin identification
Many types of skin only introduce common skin
A pigskin
1, pigs Smooth
Ordinary pig glossy is processed from pigskin surface after different tanning process, first slurry and then coated on the surface of the skin color, the ordinary pig glossy surface gloss pores arranged in useful rules, generally three pores triangular shape of the group, according to different regions and different tanning process pig glossy different quality, do not make Xiangjie better quality pig glossy grain smaller, soft to the touch. Due to the process of continuous improvement of the leather pig glossy can be processed into a lot of different varieties of leather.
Distressed effect Distressed effect is not shiny, can also have some dark pattern on some vintage leather.
Embossed effect, embossed effect of pressure on the strip at the surface of the skin, blood rib pattern;
Embossed effect, this can sometimes be a bit like the effect of coarse surface leather, but leather and essential difference. Litchi pattern is characterized by rough the Pi Bipu through glossy Shaohou, but grain.
The light coating effect, this skin surface coated pulp but directly on a different color, gloss darker than ordinary smooth feel of this leather is better than ordinary smooth skin and take the sagging feeling in the hand.
Washing effect, washing effect of the glossy coating is also thin, with ordinary glossy distinction is not very large, the difference is that soft glossy feel than ordinary. Direct water to clean stains on clothes.
Wipe leather, this color of the skin surface and the floor of the same, in the finished products can be made in the outer clothes with sandpaper or other raw material where you need anti-wipe, leaving your clothes into another more fashion style.
Pig suede
Ordinary first layer of suede on the opposite side of the leather head layer after processing. Short fine pile head and the surface of the suede surface layer sense particularly strong mordenite. Sometimes can be seen in a small proportion of the pores.
The first layer of suede washed leather, leather better than Ordinary suede feel more elastic than ordinary suede drape.
The first layer of suede modified leather, this the modified leather is leather front or anyway into modified processing leather. It can be made into a variety of printing, foil and film.
The printing is generally processed into a different pattern suede light side,
Film is velvet suede side paste layer film with a layer of special bright light, this skin is a more fashionable leather, but its drawback is breathable performance is not good (it is best not to explain to consumers).
The oil film leather velvet roll on a layer of a mixture by three oil feedstock. Film leather, it can be processed into Distressed effect encounter folding or crumpling, there will be some color lighter pincher is normal.
Pig split suede
Pig split suede essential difference with the first layer of suede, suede thicker than the first layer of suede, and can see the the triangular pores on the pigskin. Softness and tensile strength is far better than the first layer of suede, leather opened are also much smaller than the first layer. L2 suede can also be processed into the first layer of suede as the modification of a lot of different types of leather,
Layer 2 suede that price is cheaper without significant grade clothing. So in the domestic market, we rarely used this skin.

Second, sheepskin
1 sheep skin
The characteristics of the sheep skin is the plate thin skin feel soft and smooth and delicate, tiny pores irregularly segment uniform, Chengbian round. Sheep skin leather clothing is a leather for comparison on the grade of raw materials.
Sheep skin also broke the traditional style, and processed into embossed, washable, printing a lot of different kind of style.
2, goatskin
Goatskin structure than the sheep skin is slightly firm, good tensile strength than sheep skin, wear-resistant skin surface so thick-skinned than the sheep than the sheep skin. Difference with sheepskin, goatskin grain layer is more rough, the smoothness not as sheep skin, the feel is also somewhat less than the sheep skin.
The goatskin Now can be made into a lot of different styles of leather
Distressed leather washable, this skin coating can be placed directly in the water cleaning, non-marking and shrinkage is very small.
The December film leather, this leather is in the skin surface roll on a layer of oil wax skin in the encounter folding or crumpling, there will be some of the lighter color is normal pincher.
Third, the kraft
Due the cowhide to achieve a certain thickness and fastness, so it is mainly used for leather goods and shoes some more. The leather is characterized by small, uniform distribution closely plump leather surface pores the leather panels than any other skin firmer, feel solid and full flexibility. Leather clothing leather varieties more
Currently the leather processed into different styles of leather is not as good as pigskin and sheepskin varieties.
Cow split also used in apparel, but clothing is generally used to cow split suede, pig split the difference: suede fibers more rough, but no pores. The cow split modifier leather mainly used for leather, cow split on the skin is a certain difficulty in identifying processed into imitation glossy or Distressed effect.
The dermis is divided into the first layer and second layer of skin two categories ~ ~ ~
The first layer of skin is directly from the original skin of various animals processed or thicker cortex of cattle, pigs, horses and other animal skins hair removal and cut each into two floors, the upper portion of the fibers organized processed into a variety of head layer of skin.
The second layer of skin is part of the second floor of loose fibrous tissue processing, chemical material spray or covered with PVC, PU film.
Therefore, the distinction between the first layer and second layer of skin the effective method, is the concept of the Chapi the slitting surface fiber density. Head skin by the thick and thin fiber layer and closely connected with a slightly loose excessive layer is composed, has good strength, elasticity, and the process plasticity characteristics. Two skins only loose fibrous tissue layer, can be used to make leather products only after spraying chemical raw materials or polishing it to maintain certain natural elasticity and plasticity process characteristics, but the strength is poor, with the first layer thickness requirements skin.
Fourth, fur
Fur garment from its use can be divided into two categories: one is to keep out the cold for the purpose of hair toward the wearing apparel; Another kind is decorated for the main purpose of hair outwards wear fur clothing (also known as suede fur garment).
1, fox fur leather
Characteristics of the silver fox hair is long hair, generally 7-9CM; choppy hair-pin coarse than other Hulimao,, matte shiny. Its true colors as gray and black.
The blue fox capillary Qi, matte luster, length is shorter than the silver fox hair, generally 5-6CM the true nature of the blue fox is white, used to dress generally all stained.
The characteristics of the red fox hair and blue fox are similar, but slightly longer than the red fox, full color is red and gray for costumes do not stain.
2, goats Qiuge
Goat fur leather wool is relatively rare and not easy to hair loss, coarse hair pin direction is not completely smooth, goats Qiuge positive all the skin side, it can be made suede, Penhua, printing, and roll into the pattern of the different effects. The goat Qiuge can be dyed different colors.
3, angora Qiuge
White Maotu
The little velvet white of polyclonal Qiuge bottom, can be dyed various colors.
Grass yellow rabbit
Grass yellow rabbit hair pin slightly longer, and with it the true nature of general clothing.
Rex Rabbit
Hair soft, fine, smooth and delicate, lint-free than other rabbit hair is not easy in rabbit fur, rex rabbit furs is one of the best.
Water Diaoqiu leather
Mink Mao Guangze than the other Qiuge, good touch especially smooth, it is not easy to hair loss.
V. patent leather
Patent leather is a leather or PU leather material leaching paint process, which is characterized by bright color, natural, waterproof, moisture-proof, not easily deformed / easy clean take care characteristics. PATENT the process more complicated, require a very high, so patent leather products sold on the market prices correspondingly high. Now on the market a lot of unethical businesses tend to the Liangpi posing patent leather sales, in fact, the patent leather and bright skin the very different Liangpi actually colored leather on the polishing makes commodities more beautiful, while also with a certain degree of moisture resistance, but the feel is not as good as patent leather and shiny patent leather material is natural
Pu leatherette, not leather, simply say, "PU is polyurethane artificial leather of a kind of". Second, PU is a man-made synthetic material, with the texture of leather, very durable, and inexpensive.
, PU leather

What is patent leather, oil leather, PU leather
A coat of paint and maintenance
What is patent leather: patent leather, some leather piecemeal leather labeled pulp, then made leather! Plastic feel strong, smooth appearance. Dermis is the first layer of animal fur, has not been synthesized, and are generally of processed leather. Wrinkled patent leather is widely used, its advantages are: feel good, the skin is soft. Wrinkled patent leather in the production process, we first skin body drum soft, then pouring paint as bright as a mirror patent leather. Without losing wrinkles such as broken tempered glass pattern, the leather is soft leather characteristics made bag is very comfortable. Maintenance of patent leather: patent leather bag surface dust available a clean, damp (not dripping wetness is better) and gently wipe the bag can also be used to take care of leather cleaners or cleaning paste, but can not be used The brightener take care. Due brightener cause pseudo-coating off, make the package surface wrinkled. Paint bags to be scratched, cleaned first scratch, the the leather oil mixed with egg white and the same color, and then scratched at Flatten, coated with the mixture, and more than two coats of dry, until the painted parts than the surrounding surface, the next day with a soft cloth polishing until smooth.

Second, oil skin and Maintenance
What oil skin: oil skin into leather or butter leather horse oil cortical grease penetration in the cortex inside to avoid the cortex due to prolonged contact with air becomes dry and cracks, grease does not contaminate the clothes oil skin because of different production methods, with the ordinary leather's natural grain and intimate feel, the appearance of shiny moisture, do not need to be oiled, always able to maintain a moist appearance and delicate touch, officially because of this characteristic, oil skin is very popular this year, has become a commonly used fabric haute couture bags. The butter leather cow leather front, is a high-end product, the coating is extremely thin, adsorption, permeability, good hygiene, soft, smooth surface, the cortex contains grease is not easy to mildew, easy to produce bacterial, odor-free. Butter skin more resistant. The butter leather international market prices are generally $ 2.2 one foot leather price is generally less than $ 2, leather butter skin is not in the traditional sense. Oil skin maintenance: oil skin natural wrinkles and discoloration effect, various parts of the color is not One is a normal phenomenon. Note should use waterproof, stain resistant, it is recommended to use the cleaners take care of leather clothing or sofa. It is particularly worth mentioning is that even if oil leather scratches, do not worry, just scratches at wiping with a soft cloth, will disappear. If you found the package lighter color need Dayou, avoid the use of a variety of bags to wipe the oil, wipe with a dry cloth can.
Third, PU leather and Maintenance
What is PU: PU leather, is English ployurethane the abbreviation, chemistry Chinese name polyurethane, also called PU leather, PU with leather generally negative with leather second skin material, and then coated with PU resin, therefore, also known foil leather. PU synthetic leather, fake leather, based environmentalist, I personally feel this man-made synthetic material PU leather texture, and very durable, and inexpensive (* ^ __ ^ *) hee hee ... In addition to the two-story pigskin instead of PU leather. PU leather is broken leather, added binder after crushed, pressed leather, composition leather, but not naturally grow into the leather. As long as the animal's fur, both layers of skin than good PU leather. PU leather maintenance: PU leather bag best cleaners + the paper rub (do not use with corrosive cleaning agents). As for the fade part, the general is no way to remedy! Or when careful ~ ~ ~ In addition there is a common material on Taobao, is anti-leather, this leather surface is more rough rubbing together, nothing shiny, not oil, but also easy to dirty, but because it difficult to wrinkle, and not easily deformed, and therefore more popular.
1, the first smell taste. The leatherette taste pungent odor like plastic. Special taste of the dermis, the landlord can go to get some leather smell to see.
2, we have to see the ductility of the leather. Leather soft and flexible. The leatherette sent.
3, is to see the pores. Generally outside leather are sheepskin, sheepskin the appearance of fish scales Zhuang, one a well recognizable. Leather clothes, I do not know how to distinguish between true and false. Pores are consistent artificial leather clothes, leather pores irregular.

In fact, I am the most commonly used first. Leatherette made and the leather has been getting closer and closer, only the taste is not made out of. Recommended that the landlord went to find a knowledgeable purchase.
Leather fabric resolution 1, first of all, check whether the surface of the leather pores. Thin and dense leather pores was no regular arrangement of smooth cortex; pigskin pores goods were font triangular arrangement of cortical cancellous sparse. 2, and then to check the available indentation, see indentation local striae fine lines spread out like. Secondly, check the cross-section of the income side of the cortex. Positive now forged technology is getting better and better, from a positive analysis is becoming increasingly difficult. Why they can be seen from the income side of cortical section. Sparse pine dermal cortex is more closely and imitation leather. 4, leather and imitation leather can also smell to tell, really clearly has the smell of an animal skin, fake leather, relatively speaking, more to take advantage of in the stimulation of taste.

Reading tags: fake handbags | fake leather | high quality

According to the British newspaper "Independent" reported, the long-rumored LVMH Moet Hennessy (Moet Hennessy) would sell the news recently some analysts believe will soon be realized. Allegedly LVMH will sell its share of 66% of the shares, is the owner of the British wine industry giant Diageo, Smirnoff and days Gali Gin took over. If agreement is reached, LVMH and PPR heart focused on the luxury goods industry.

The analysts believe that a recent series of moves by Bernard Arnault prove its upcoming sale of Moet Hennessy, the industry is estimated as early as next week.

Previously, Bernard Arnault immigrants in Belgium was the media they hate. According to the Independent reported, Bernard Arnault has been dug to its Dior Couture has been transferred to the of its Luxembourg company Grandville. According to some experts said the end of the year, Bernard Arnault some designed to change plans. According to financial research firm Artannes Capital said, Grandville It is by Bernard Arnault is controlled across the three countries, Artannes Bernard Arnault eventually through various operations with minimal tax Moet Hennessy divestiture to Diageo.

According to sources, the next step, to master the Groupe Arnault, Semyrhamis Financiere Agache Arnault family will improve Christian Dior in Paris listed to 70% holding.

News source estimated that, when the sale of Moet Hennessy, Bernard Arnault, Christian Dior shares up to 150 euros per share.

This summer, Berenberg analysts said, holding Bernard Arnault LVMH 66% stake valued at 1.5 million euros, once the sale of up to 1.82 million euros. LVMH spokesman regular intervals may sell or holdings Dior shares.

Previously, PPR announced plans to divest its mail-order business to focus on high-end luxury goods industry, because of the high profits of the luxury high-profile.

Reading Tags: luxury handbags | LVMH | cheap designer handbags | luxury news | sals infomation

Jimmy choo handbag
Jimmy Choo shoes in Beyonce Knowles (Beyoncé) song sung, and broadcast in the TV series "Sex and the City" (The Sex and the City). Jimmy Choo produced has always been well received by international celebrities and Hollywood star loved, Madonna in the wedding, walking down the aisle in a pair of Jimmy Choo brand-name high heels, many actresses to attend the awards ceremony costume of a Chinese clothing to wear his designs, and its design has always been to go noble style, create shoes both inside and outside, there are types I, put the foot is also very comfortable. American rapper Shawnee, a widely circulated song "Jimmy Choo high heels, inspiration because one day he strolled with a young model, she was wearing the Jimmy Choo brand of high heels, looking at the 4-inch shoes I put the pair of high heels, I eyed rap, now, everyone knows Jimmy Choo. "Yes, everyone knew Jimmy Choo, or every woman to know Jimmy Choo.

College student, I have been part-time, even if the boss told me to work on Saturdays and Sundays, I also apart from anything else, never ask the boss to any overtime costs, one day the boss curious asked me: "Why do you not asked me for overtime it ? now the British here, said the weekends, should I pay 3 times the overtime. "I replied:" You are the boss, even you will use the weekend was originally to accompany the family time with overtime, and let I have more opportunities to learn from you, then I can find fault with what it? "Later, of course, that the boss gave me a generous overtime, perhaps this is not overtime, may be recognized as one of the boss of my an appreciation of the rewards. In subsequent days, I increasingly understand: when you do not understand anything, do not pick and choose what to learn, do, and even pour some tea, you must first obtain the approval of others.

My success is not so legendary. I designed a pair of plum shoes in a show on later coincidental "VOGUE" magazine accessories Assistant, she was not editing help magazine chose shooting products. When she was at the show to see my shoes, I had left, she called me and asked me whether her photos of these shoes on magazine, when I feel a "VOGUE" very good, because that is the world's most stylish magazine on that magazine fashion circles around the world mean that people know you.

I would never sell his shoes, if you think my shoes, you will come to me, I do not need to do any marketing. Remember every time Princess Diana to see her favorite shoes are called I did eight colors, each color one pair can wear round match different occasions and clothes I own shoes to own wear comfortable, I would do a few double wheel with wear; but do not like shoes to wear for a long time a pair of comfortable, want the wheel to wear such shoes will save a long time.

In recent years, a lot of young people ask me how to become a successful designer. I want to say is, in fact, successfully tired, you have to pay a lot more time than others, from 10:00 in the morning, like I've been done late late at night, because one person to do a lot of shoes, but not enough manpower , only ourselves to work overtime to do it. But right now, have their own studio, with its own design team, can relieve a lot of pressure.

Reading Tags: jimmy choo handbags | cheap designer handbagshow to become a master

Christian Louboutin is expanding its global retail business in London and Los Angeles this month will open a menswear shop; comprehensive shop opened in Sao Paulo, Brazil and Chicago, respectively, of its retail stores already red 200917 soared to about 65 this year! retail business also contributed half of the income of the brand.

Alexis Mouret, Christian Louboutin, chief operating officer, general manager, said: "the store without give us a better opportunity to show a series of products, also gave an expression of the brand we open a new store, not only toto win customers, but also to provide more services to existing customers. most of the time, the mall store's business is not lower, markets are going up. "

Men's store is a revelation, originally Christian Louboutin men's clothing as a friends gift gifts to look at, but later discovered that men like them life women enjoy shopping. Did not enter the retail market in 2010, Christian Louboutin released a male series. Christian Louboutin opened its first global menswear store in Paris in August 2011.

"When the man came for a pair of shoes, Christian Louboutin men's store, not to buy a pair of shoes can be passed on to his son's, they are just happy," designer Christian Louboutin said, "With this in mind theycompletely different from the views of women shoes, this guy, they do not completely GAY to the woman like shopping. "

However, Christian Louboutin does not really dare to menswear shop away from the fashionable shopping district, he and women's fashion district close to the men's store in Paris, New York, London and other places.

Christian Louboutin popular men's apparel retail market quickly surprised, Men accounted for 10% of the brand's overall business, but the next few years will reach 20%. Alexis Mouret, chief operating officer and general manager, said: "In August last year, when our men's store opened in Paris, not even the soft opening, the first day of the store is packed with people, we believe that the next slow, but a years, did not mean slow down. "

Christian Louboutin men's store and integrated shop design and design company in New York 212box cooperation. Christian Louboutin men's clothing store inspired by the constant travel, along the way to collect the men. Carpet is designed by Jean-Fran ois Lesage iconic tiger, the wall is a diamond-studded leather walls, red carpet deeper than the usual Christian Louboutin iconic red shadow, there is another called Tattoo Parlor custom, customers can request their favorite tattoo pattern on the shoes.

It comes to the choice of the men's store materials 212box the main designer Eric Clough said: "We use each shoe 'leather, sheepskin to rawhide.

According to Alexis Mouret said, this year, Christian Louboutin Men's and women's clothing store has made a number of units, ranging from double-digit same store sales growth, accounting for 40% of the total sales per market is still the most important the fiscal year ending in August next year, Christian Louboutin would like to open 14-15 new stores, including a 3-4 men's shop. The privately-owned, Christian Louboutin annual sales of $ 300 million.

Reading tags: christian louboutin men's store | christian louboutin shoes | cheap designer shoes

Recently, Danone fresh dairy sector JordiConstans, officially became CEO of LouisVuitton Louis Vuitton. Selling milk to sell LV? A time, almost ridicule doubt the JordiConstans and LV pushed embarrassment.

LV fast digestion trend is clearly

According to foreign media reports, 49-year-old JordiConstans Business and economics, graduated from the Central University of Barcelona was Danone fresh dairy products sector, executive vice president and a member of the Group Executive Committee.

Some analysts believe that JordiConstans may face enormous challenges: Although in recent years the rapid development of Louis Vuitton, business double-digit rate each year, but 2012 by the European debt crisis and a slowdown in China, LV growth slowed.

LV extension posture reveal the characteristics of the FMCG industry. In 2010, LV high-profile claim a second-tier cities in China will exceed layout strategy, plan stationed in third-tier cities to gain a higher market share. LV watches and jewelery, president of North Asia, said that the expansion will be extended to three or four lines.

Compared with the FMCG industry, is not difficult to see the similarities between them. FMCG industry three remarkable feature is the convenience, visual and brand loyalty is not high. A large area to lose ground, control terminal channels, the channel sink to the bottom of the FMCG industry is an inevitable requirement of convenience, and affect the success of the main factors is sufficiently high distribution rate and effective control channels.

However, this JordiConstans may be a good thing, he may be more adept at operating in FMCG LV.

Fakes too much influence brand

"LV certainly take the popular route, its strategy is to take the amount of rapid expansion, including Gucci, they gradually lose its brand appeal." Zhou Ting, quality, dean of wealth a firm voice, told reporters.

In the "luxury Report 2012, by 3754 the Chinese market of high net population (10 million) to expand research shows that: China's richest high repeat purchase rate luxury brands as Chanel, Hermès, Cartier, BV, Dior. "Best embodies the ten luxury brands consumer tastes, but not LV figure. Just fake luxury brand visibility ranking ", LV topped the list, while more than 90% of consumers said they would not buy fake luxury brands.

However, in the "nouveaux riches favorite purchase of ten luxury brands", LV second highest. The LV sales growth, but the basics are derived from new customers.

According to Zhou Ting, in China, over the past few years, it is mainly to promote the low-end products, thus resulting in the Chinese consumer LV consumer level is not high; abroad, LV basic models to a lot of ordinary people and even nanny to the consumer. LV more respected abroad is its custom, and the most high-end product line, the quality of its core customers abroad is much better. "Moreover, LV's fake too many serious impact on its brand image, resulting in China's wealthy do not agree with the LV even buy LV products are allowed to identity points deduction." Zhou Ting bluntly pointed out.

Reading tags: cheap designer handbags | LV for sale | new LV CEO | luxruy news

Gucci creative director Frida Giannini announced already pregnant, means that she and her brand CEO Patrizio di Marco joined the ranks of expectant mothers and expectant fathers.

This will be the first child, Frida Giannini and two Patrizio di Marco di Marco in 2009, has just been appointed as the brand CEO shortly after they got together. Giannini will still participate in the upcoming men's week and 2013 winter conference held in February. But after that she will begin maternity leave, has been rest to the men's week in June.

Frida Giannini and Patrizio di Marco, two in handling personal relationship has been very low-key, when asked about both feelings, di Marco true feelings, "very seriously. Would you choose in life, and you live with people , you will go looking for and the people you spend a lifetime with such a process of looking to match each other's hearts and minds. "